A report on World Environmental Day (WED) 2011 in India highlights Forests in a Green Economy: A Synthesis, a recent UN Environment Programme (UNEP) analysis. The report prepared by Kate Langford of World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), a leading research and development institution on agroforestry.
I summarize Kate’s report to get the status of world forest and its relation to development. Some points refers to India, Carribean, Costa Rica, Vietnam, Nepal and Indonesia.
Let see these interesting facts:
- At global level, the annual net forest loss since 1990 has fallen from around 8 million to around 5 million hectares
- Several regions, including Asia, the Caribbean and Europe forest area has actually increased over those 20 years
- The number of trees in forests is declining, but the number of trees on farms is increasing
- The area of planted forests including those as part of agroforestry schemes on farms and plantations have grown from 3.6 million hectares in 1990 to just under 5 million hectares in 2010
- India has recently approved a national initiative to increase forest cover over 5 million hectares, improve quality of forest cover over another 5 million hectares and improve crucial ecosystem services provided by forests, such as hydrological services
- Over 80 per cent of the US$8 billion National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, which underwrites at least 100 days of paid work for rural households in India, is invested in water conservation, irrigation and land development
- In Ecuador, the local government in the town of Pimampiro pays US$6 to US$12 per hectare per year to a small group of farmers to conserve forest and natural grassland in the area surrounding the town’s water source.
- In 2010, Norway announced a grant of US$ 1 billion to Indonesia in return for agreed measures to tackle deforestation and degradation. Few months later, Indonesia issued a regulation about two-year moratorium on new permits to clear natural forests and peatlands. My note shows that Norway has good index on corruption perception; ease on doing business and 2nd world richest country according to IMF.
- The value of the services in Canada’s boreal forests—including flood control, pest control by birds and carbon sequestration– at just over US$90 billion a year
- Forest related interventions in Costa Rica have led to economic growth and a dramatic increase in forest cover. In 1995, forest cover in the country was 22 per cent, but by 2010, it had recovered to 51 per cent of the country’s land area. Costa Rica is one of the cleanest countries on earth in 2010.
- Community Forest Management is the second largest forest management system in Nepal, where forests cover more than 40 per cent of the land
- The restoration of natural mangrove forests in Vietnam for US$1.1 million resulted in annual saving of US$7.3 million in sea dyke maintenance