Reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) is one of recent global mechanisms that expected by developing countries to help in conserving forests, combat climate change as well as eradicate poverty.
Public may aware on deforestation and its impact on climate change. But, halting the deforestation process isn’t simply as people reducing plastic consumption.
Scientists, negotiators as well as activists are searching best ways and practice to address three principles: carbon effectiveness, cost efficiency, and equity issues on both investors and beneficiaries. I list some interesting figures around reducing emission from deforestation below:
- More than 1.6 billion people on the earth depend on forest resources for their livelihoods. But as populations increase, many forests have come under increasing stress and most of countries still negotiating on the global mechanism to halt deforestation and degradation.
- The origin id ea of REDD was proposed by The Coalition of Rainforest Nations, led by Costa Rica and Papua New Guinea. The idea focuses only on deforestation, without additional D -degradation. However, avoided deforestation terms began hot topic in many discussion and forums.
- Although REDD is not yet formally established in the UNFCCC framework, some REDD credits are already being sold in voluntary markets and some initial finance is provided for pilot p rojects
- Some preliminary projects already demonstrating the potential of REDD to meet development goals. One of them is a project in Amazon. The project works with local communities, it values and compensates them for its role in conserving forest.
- REDD mechanism works with the wide variation between countries. It rangi ng from high forest cover combined with high deforestation, to low forest cover and low deforestation. This fact differs REDD from another environmental payment mechanism which may more simple.
- Although opportunity costs may be low, many developing countries are likely to require significant investment in capacity building, science, policy and institutions before they can implement REDD
- Scientists are proposing the use of satellite to help quantifying deforestation and the use of remote sensing for estimating carbon stocks in tropical forests. Although it show promising results but it methods remains expensive and technically demanding