A latest scientific publication reveals that Indonesia’s first RED (reduced carbon emissions from deforestation) initiative in upland protected areas may not significantly reduce deforestation in Northen Sumatra and would have little impact on orangutan conservation. In fact, a large amount of of forest inside the project area is protected de facto by being inaccessible, while low land will remain exposed to the combined expansion of plantation and road networks.
Mechanisms of carbon emission payment from deforestation are now testing in some countries, including Indonesia. Researchers and activists work with local government to search best practice of the mechanism. I see that this publication will become useful input for government and environmental organizations to be one of supporting material for UN climate talk in Copenhagen this year.
Using model based on satellite imaginary data, it predict the rate of deforestation in study area. The author thus suggest RED would be more effective in term of its conservation impact if payment were extended to all remaining carbon-rich tropical forests, including lowland peat swamp forests, the preferred habitat for orangutan and if the construction of new roads was halted.
Read full publication: The future of forests and orangutans (Pongo abelii) in Sumatra: predicting impacts of oil palm plantations, road construction, and mechanisms for reducing carbon emissions from deforestation