Forests in changing climate

Adjustments in natural or human systems that try to reduce the damage caused by climate change or to exploit the benefits

Planting new forest on land that has not previously supported forest

Anthropogenic emissions
Greenhouse gasses associated with human activity such as deforestation or forest degradation from logging

Carbon sequestration
the uptake and storage of carbon. Trees absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen via photosynthesis. Trees also store carbon in their biomass

best-book-climate-change-forest-Brookings-Kyoto Protocol
an international agreement covering the period 2008-2012 to slow climate change. Under the protocol industrialized countries agreed to reduce their collective greenhouse gas emission by 5.2 percent from 1990 levels

actions to reduce greenhouse gas emission and to enhance carbon sinks to curb climate change

an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation matter. Peat forms in wetlands, including bogs, moors and peat swamp forests

Planted forest
Wooded land where trees have been established through planting or seeding

Primary forest
wooded land of native species largely untouched by human activities and where ecological processes are not disrupted

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, a mechanism to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by compensating countries for avoiding deforestation and degradation

broader REDD frameworks which include forest conservation,  sustainable forest management or enhancement of forest forest carbon stocks to encourage greater participation in REDD and to reward countries that already protecting their forests

reduced impact logging, planned and carefully controlled tree felling to minimize its impact on the surrounding environment. RIL can also reduce the carbon emissions that logging activities cause


  • Simply REDD: CIFOR’s guide to forests, climate change and REDD