Global warming facts: List of national goals on GHG emission

More countries expose their plan to combat global warming, as Copenhagen Accord indicates a target for global mitigation action. Some countries put a number for decreasing emission clearly while others describing their plan to improve energy sector and conservation efforts.

According to Meine van Noordwijk, a science advisor of the World Agroforestry Center, global mitigation action or called GAMA aiming to keep the manmade global temperature increase below the 2o C that may be manageable, while stronger warming can lead to uncontrollable further changes. “But if all countries are listing their Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA), it probably does not add up to GAMA. Substantial further negotiations will be needed, “ says Meine.

Here some national goals as compiled by Alister Doyle in  Reuters:

  • UNITED STATES –  to cut U.S. emissions by 17 percent from 2005 levels, or 4 percent from 1990 levels
  • EU (27 nations) – 20 percent, or 30 percent if others act.
  • RUSSIA – 15 to 25 percent.
  • JAPAN – 25 percent as part of a “fair and effective international framework.”
  • CANADA – 17 percent from 2005 levels, matching U.S. goal.
  • AUSTRALIA – 5 percent below 2000 levels or as much as 25 percent if there is an ambitious global deal. The range is 3-23 percent below 1990.
  • BELARUS – 5 to 10 percent, on condition of access to carbon trading and new technologies.
  • CROATIA – 5 percent.
  • KAZAKHSTAN – 15 percent.
  • NEW ZEALAND – 10 to 20 percent “if there is a comprehensive global agreement.”
  • SWITZERLAND – 20 percent, or 30 percent if other developed nations make comparable cuts and poor nations act.
  • NORWAY – 30 percent, or 40 if there is an ambitious deal.
  • ICELAND – 30 percent in a joint effort with the EU.
  • LIECHTENSTEIN – 20 percent, or 30 percent if others act.
  • MONACO – 30 percent; aims to be carbon neutral by 2050.
  • CHINA –  40 to 45 percent from 2005 levels
  • INDIA –  20 to 25 percent from 2005 levels.
  • BRAZIL –  between 36.1 and 38.9 percent below “business as usual” levels with measures such as reducing deforestation, energy efficiency and more hydropower.
  • SOUTH AFRICA – Says that, with the right international aid, its emissions could peak between 2020-25, plateau for a decade and then decline in absolute terms from about 2035.
  • INDONESIA –  26 percent by 2020 with measures including sustainable peat management, reduced deforestation, and energy efficiency.
  • MEXICO – Will seek to cut greenhouse gases by up to 30 percent below “business as usual.”
  • SOUTH KOREA – Plans to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 30 percent below “business as usual” projections.
  • ARMENIA – Increase renewable energy output, modernize power plants, restore forests.
  • BENIN – Develop public transport in Cotonou, better forest management, methane recovery from waste in big cities.
  • BHUTAN – Already absorbs more carbon in vegetation than it emits from burning fossil fuels; plans to stay that way.
  • BOTSWANA – Shift to gas from coal. Nuclear power, renewables, biomass and carbon capture also among options.
  • CONGO – Improve agriculture, limit vehicles in major cities, better forestry management.
  • COSTA RICA – A long-term effort to become “carbon neutral” under which any industrial emissions will be offset elsewhere, for instance by planting forests.
  • ETHIOPIA – More hydropower dams, wind farms, geothermal energy, biofuels and reforestation.
  • ERITREA – Improve energy conservation, efficiency, reduce deforestation, enhance soil carbon stocks.
  • GABON – Increase forestry, bolster clean energy
  • GEORGIA – Try to build a low-carbon economy while ensuring continued growth.
  • GHANA – Switch from oil to natural gas in electricity generation, build more hydropower dams, raise the share of renewable energy to 10-20 percent of electricity by 2020.
  • ISRAEL – Strive for a 20 percent cut in emissions below “business as usual” projections. Goals include getting 10 percent of electricity generation from renewable sources.
  • IVORY COAST – Shift to renewable energies, better forest management and farming, improved pollution monitoring.
  • JORDAN – Shift to renewable energies, upgrade railways, roads and ports. Goals include modernizing military equipment.
  • MACEDONIA – Improve energy efficiency, boost renewable energies, harmonize with EU energy laws.
  • MADAGASCAR – Shift to hydropower for major cities, push for “large scale” reforestation across the island, improve agriculture, waste management and transport.
  • MALDIVES – Achieve “carbon neutrality” by 2020.
  • MARSHALL ISLANDS – Cut carbon dioxide emissions by 40 percent below 2009 levels.
  • MAURITANIA – Raise forest cover to 9 percent by 2050 from 3.2 percent in 2009, boost clean energy.
  • MOLDOVA – Cut emissions by “no less than 25 percent” from 1990 levels.
  • MONGOLIA – Examining large-scale solar power in the Gobi desert, wind and hydropower. Improve use of coal.
  • MOROCCO – Develop renewable energies such as wind, solar power, hydropower. Improve industrial efficiency.
  • PAPUA NEW GUINEA – At least halve emissions per unit of economic output by 2030; become carbon neutral by 2050.
  • SIERRA LEONE – Set up a National Secretariat for Climate Change, create 12 protected areas by 2015, protect forests.
  • SINGAPORE – Reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 16 percent below “business as usual” levels if the world agrees a strong, legally binding deal.
  • SIERRA LEONE – Increase conservation efforts, ensure forest cover of at least 3.4 million hectares by 2015. Develop clean energy including biofuels from sugarcane or rice husks.
  • TOGO – Raise forested area to 30 percent of the country by 2050 from 7 percent in 2005; improve energy efficiency.
  • Ich dachte, ich würde sagen, kommentieren und große Thema, hast du es Code für sich selbst? Sieht wirklich ausgezeichnet!

  • Reverse Osmosis :

    our hometown already have wind farms and it is great to know that we have a reneawable electricity source`”,

  • wind farms are eco friendly and can generate massive amounts of electricity,**

  • Coral reefs, which are highly sensitive to small changes in water temperature, suffered the worst bleaching—or die-off in response to stress—ever recorded in 1998, with some areas seeing bleach rates of 70 percent. Experts expect these sorts of events to increase in frequency and intensity in the next 50 years as sea temperatures rise.

    • trisha

      that sounded like some good info

  • actually it is not that hard to setup wind farms, the only problem is that it requires lots of capital investment.`”-

  • wow. full of english with adsence…monetize 🙂
    .-= arif´s last smart idea ..Sinopsis 3 Idiots =-.

  • Didn’t California sign up to the Kyoto protocol? As far as I know the various US states have a fair amount of autonomy (more so than most people outside of the US realise). Given the economic size of California, it should probably be included on the list too!
    .-= BoA fan´s last smart idea ..BoA – Everlasting (Japanese version) =-.

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  • The 15th United Nations Climate Change Conference 2009 sebuah konspirasi negara-negara maju….
    .-= itempoeti´s last smart idea ..Setelah Sri Mulyani, Boediono? =-.

  • confused

    It’s good to see that there is now a general consensus regarding climate issue and reducing emissions. Despite the arguments for and against climate change, it’s always good to live in a cleaner, less polluted world.
    .-= confused´s last smart idea ..Obama versus Wall Street…. =-.