Promoting agroforestry could be better option for rural poor in combating global warming issues. Agroforestry have been practiced for ages but less recognized by many governments. In agroforestry practice, farmers are benefits farm yield as well as from trees planted. They manage such tree based farm system to meets their needs of food and energy.
Agroforestry innovations have been introduced as an effort of development on market based agricultural commodities. It changes technological factors in production process to increase their productivity and enhance quality of agricultural commodities. Questioning how the impact of such innovations will lead to the process of new technological factors adopted by farmers.
Promoting agroforestry practice request better understanding on adoption process.
Adoption is wide-range term that describing changes process from mental perspective to practical agricultural economics. In farm-level, according to Feder et al (1985) economist defined adoption as the degree of use of a new technology in long-run equilibrium when the farmer has full information about the new technology and its potential.
Is there any view to examine the technology adoption?
Feder and Umali (1993) argue that there are two views of examining adoption: (1) Individual farm level and (2) macro level that assess adoption evolvement across population and region. At individual farm level, each household chooses whether or not to adopt and the intensity of adoption. Studies focusing on this level are concerned with the factors influencing the adoption decision either statistically or dynamically.
A study on agricultural technology adoption reveals some variables explaining decisions of farmers on such technology. Adesina & Chianu (2001) found that sex is significant at the 10% level and is positively related to adoption Nigeria. Farmers with contact with research-development or extension agencies have greater likelihood of adopting alley farming. Other factors that have positive relation are rise in land use pressure, distance from urban center and increased interaction between researchers, extension and NGO groups and location variables.
In my opinion, adopting more agroforestry practice is more benefits in developing countries where agriculture plays as main livelihood. Indonesia and some countries in Africa is good.