There are ways of helping rural poor with energy-based projects, such energy efficient cooking stove to small scale bioenergy.
A joint study of FAO and DFiD shows, when produced on a small-scale in local communities, bioenergy can play a significant role in rural development in poor countries. The study refers to 15 bioenergy projects in Latin America, Africa and Asia involving 12 countries.
Read more about Biofuel in Amazon here.
Most poor areas in rural area are depending on biomass for cooking and heating. About 80 percent of them sources from wood.
The study highlights possible benefits for rural poor:
- Efficiency on natural resources as energy from waste
- Producing useful by-products, such as affordable fertilizer from biogas production
- Producing food and fuel through intercropping simultaneous
- New financial capital with growth cycles by making use of marginal land
However, FAO also put a note on the challenges facing bioenergy initiatives:
… these challenges are similar to those of other production activities in rural areas such as technological constraints and lack of investment capital.