Indonesia’s biodiversity at a glance

The rich of biodiversity in Indonesia is known as largest in the world along with Brazilian’s tropical forests. Both of countries are facing deforestation effects as the agriculture lands expand rapidly. Deforestation become the most dangereous threaten to Indonesia’s biodiversity.

Indonesia’s biodiversity will be gone in 30 years, says GPF in a 2002 report. Below, GPF describes the Indonesia’s biodiversity:

  • Mamals: 515 species , 39 percent of them endemic;
  • Reptiles: 511 species , 150 of them endemic;
  • Birds: 1,531 species, 397 of them endemic;
  • Amphibian:  270 species, 100 of them endemic;
  • Psittacine birds: 75 species , 38 of them endemic;
  • 35 species of primates (the fourth)
  • Higher plant: 38,000 species
  • Palm tree: 477 species, 225 of them endemic
  • Dipterocarp tree: 350 species, 155 being endemic
  • Freshwater fish: 1,400 species

The United Nations declared 2010 to be the International Year of Biodiversity. It massages

Biodiversity, the variety of life on Earth, is essential to sustaining the living networks and systems that provide us all with health, wealth, food, fuel and the vital services our lives depend on. Human activity is causing the diversity of life on Earth to be lost at a greatly accelerated rate. These losses are irreversible, impoverish us all and damage the life support systems we rely on everyday. But we can prevent them.

UN urges world society to  take action in 2010 to safeguard the variety of life on earth: biodiversity.


Images: Book cover of

Risks and Decisions for Conservation and Environmental Management (Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation)

  • Author: Mark Burgman
  • Paperback: 500 pages
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press (January 5, 2010)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0521543010
  • ISBN-13: 978-0521543019
  • Product Dimensions: 8.8 x 6 x 1 inches