At the G20’s last summit, Indonesia announced decision to lower carbon emission level voluntarily. The target of 26 percent decrease, as explained by the Deputy III for Improving Conservation of natural resources and Environmental Degradation Control Environment, Masnellyarti Hilman –was based on calculations of emission reduction from mixed energy and renewable energy including geothermal energy, transfer functions of forests (LULUCF / Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry) and peat lands use management.
Is this announcement really significant for industrial countries, annex-1 countries or it just political movement from developing countries to heat up the next UN Climate meeting in Copenhagen?
If we look at the existing Kyoto Protocol which will expire in 2012, it binds only industrial countries to cut emissions by 5 percent by 2012 from 1990 levels. Thus, the Indonesia’s emission target seems too higher and so optimistic. A leader of G20 member said that it decision is so bravely because other countries are ‘taking a distance’ and making ‘discourse’. It means they haven’t make clear decision on the next emission target.
According to Mckinsey study, in 2005, Indonesia CO2 emissions increased to 2.6 million tons, and 850 million tons of it from the forestry sector.
This number portrays how the important of forestry sector in carbon emission cut. If Indonesia ready to cut it emission in significant number by improving its forest management or avoiding more deforestation, so what will developed countries do to halt the global warming? Or they really want to implement as recomended by SuperFreakonomics?