I read a report published by Asian Development Bank (ADB) that emphasizing the impact of climate changes in Southeast Asia. It seems an effort of picturing how climate change issues will change more countries in the region -just like Stern’s report. The report urges policy makers to take some actions including investing more resources in climate adaptation and mitigation as well as raising awareness of climate change impacts and risks.
The reports clearly states the impact of climate change on the region and its evidences:
Climate change has already had an impact on the region, as evidenced by increasing mean temperature, changing precipitation patterns, rising sea level, and increasing frequency and growing intensity of extreme weather events. Climate change is exacerbating water shortages in many parts of the region, straining agriculture production, causing forest fires and degradation, damaging coastal and marine resources, and increasing the risk of outbreaks of infectious diseases
In case of forest fires, a recent study published by US National Academy of Sciences confirms the increasing of intensity and frequency of these fires. It is assumed that the amount of fire activity would be much greater during periods of drought. But what surprised the scientists was the size of the increase in fire emissions in relation to the severity of the drought.
The ADB report argues that Southeast Asia is projected to suffer more from climate change in the years to come, with the impact likely to be worse than the global average. Therefore effort of poverty eradication in the region could be hampered seriously.
However a wide range of adaptation measures are already being applied, and that the region has great potential to contribute to global mitigation actions. Unfortunately, the cost to the region and globally of not addressing climate change now far exceeds the cost of adaptation and mitigation.
For that reason, ADB recommends some action:
- raising awareness of climate change impacts and risks;
- mainstreaming climate change considerations in development planning and policymaking;
- putting in place an effective institutional framework for better policy coordination;
- investing more resources in climate adaptation and mitigation;
- providing adequate information on “win-win” adaptation and mitigation;
- addressing market failures and eliminating market distortions that impede the implementation of such options;
- strengthening international and regional cooperation in knowledge, technology, and financial transfers;
- undertaking more research and filling knowledge gaps on climate change-related challenges and solutions at local levels;
- Making more capacity building efforts.
- Study Says Warming Poses Peril to Asia (nytimes.com)
- Climate Change Poses Threat to Southeast Asia’s Coral Reefs (takepart.com)
- The most vulnerable cities to climate change in Southeast Asia (iipalbanjary.net)