A new publication reveals a list of countries ranked by their scores of corruption surveys. As far I know, this is the index measuring how a country againts corruption. Although it published by non-government organization, the Corruption Perceptions Index is measurable consideration on policy making to combat corruption in various countries.
The index is aggregate indicators, using various sources about corruptions, thus making it realistic to compare countries. The sources are surveys and assessments applying questions relating to bribery of public officials, kickbacks in public procurement, embezzlement of public funds, and questions that probe the strength and effectiveness of public sector anti-corruption efforts. The index measures the degree to which public sector corruption is perceived to exist in 178 countries around the world. It scores countries on a scale from 10 (very clean) to 0 (highly corrupt). The 2010 results are drawn from 13 surveys and assessments published between January 2009 and September 2010.
According to transparency International (TI),
corruption is the abuse of entrusted power for private gain. This definition encompasses corrupt practices in both the public and private sectors. The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) ranks countries according to the perception of corruption in the public sector. The CPI is an aggregate indicator that combines different sources of information about corruption, making it possible to compare countries.
Why the organization uses perception?
Perceptions are used because corruption – whether frequency or amount – is to a great extent a hidden activity that is difficult to measure. Over time, perceptions have proved to be a reliable estimate of corruption. Measuring scandals, investigations or prosecutions, while offering ‘non-perception’ data, reflect less on the prevalence of corruption in a country and more on other factors, such as freedom of the press or the efficiency of the judicial system.
Here top 10 countries with good index in corruption perception, clean from corruption practices, hopefully
- Denmark 9.3
- New Zealand 9.3
- Singapore 9.3
- Finland 9,2
- Sweden, 9.2;
- Canada, 8.9;
- Netherlands, 8.8;
- Australia 8,7
- Switzerland, 8.7;
- Norway, 8.6.
However, according to TI records, the following countries showed an improvement from 2009 to 2010: Bhutan, Chile, Ecuador, FYR Macedonia, Gambia, Haiti, Jamaica, Kuwait and Qatar.